The Indian National
Bibliography has been conceived as an authoritative bibliographical
record of current Indian publications in Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati,
Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu
and Urdu languages, received in the National Library, Kolkata under the
Delivery of Books and Newspapers, (Public Libraries) Act, 1954 (Act No.
27 of 1954 as amended by Act No. 99 of 1956).
The following types of publications are excluded:
b) Musical scores
c) Periodicals and Newspapers (except the first issue of a new periodical
and the first issue of a periodical under a new title)
d) Keys and Guides to Textbooks
e) Ephemeral and other such materials.
The main entries are in Roman Script and the
collations and annotations, if any, are in English. The classified
portion follows the Dewey Decimal Scheme of Classification but the
numbers from the Colon Classification scheme are assigned to each entry
at the bottom right hand to facilitate the use of the Bibliography and
libraries, arranged according to the Colon Schemes of classification.
At the beginning of itís
compilation, the problem of multilingual characteristics of the nation
was overcome with the scholarly opinion of Dr. Suniti Kumar Chatterji by
adopting Roman script with diacritical marks. The standardization of the
transliteration table made at that time was helpful while developing software
standards for Indian language scripts. Today this has been made possible
by CDAC††† GIST and is used to
enter language data at present..
Before commencing regular
publication, two experimental fascicules one with entries arranged
according to Dewey Decimal Classification and the other employing Colon
Classification were issued and circulated among experts at home and
abroad for opinions and comments. After continuous 15 months of hard work
finally on 15th August 1958 the INB covering the last quarter of 1957
made it's appearance as a quarterly with annual cumulation. It's first
issue was released by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister
of Independent India.